One Otolaryngologist submitted: Jaggery is a less refined extract of sugarcane produced in cottage industries in the Indo-pak subcontinent. As jaggery is less refined, it also contains some physical as well as chemical impurities in it which have been added during its production. Logically there is a difference in the osmolarity of jaggery and sugar, hence jaggery also has a drying or parching effect on the oral mucosa. Thus, it was concluded that this picture is a case of submucosal haematoma due to jaggery consumption.

The World Articles in Ear, Nose and Throat is a professional journal in the medical specialty of Otolaryngology which strives to bring easy access and dissemination of interesting cases and substantive research from around the world.    Articles submitted to WAENT are published on the internet soon after they are approved.   Submission of pertinent videos are encouraged.  

Articles in the WAENT Archives are posted until the Journals Volume is Closed.   Thus, some articles in the current issue will be posted but the issue will be incomplete until the closure date - Dec 31, 2009. 

The World Articles in Ear, Nose and Throat is a professional journal in the medical specialty of Otolaryngology which strives to bring easy access and dissemination of interesting cases and substantive research from around the world.    Articles submitted to WAENT are published on the internet soon after they are approved.   Submission of pertinent videos are encouraged.  

Articles in the WAENT Archives are posted until the Journals Volume is Closed.   Thus, some articles in the current issue will be posted but the issue will be incomplete until the closure date - June 30, 2010. 

Abstract:  The Virtual Nystagmotheque is a collection of animations about different nystagmus and other ocular movements, intended for teaching purposes and professional speaking.  It also describes the main differential diagnosis for these ocular movements and how to do some diagnostic tests in a very simple manner.  It was made using digital video, edited and integrated into a commercial animation computer program.

Author:  Manuel Oliva Dominguez, Otolaryngologist,  ENT Department, Hospital Universitario de Puerto Real, Spain

Author:  Kevin T Kavanagh, MD, MS, FACS.   Clinical Associate Professor, University of Kentucky, Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology.  Somerset, KY, USA.

Abstract:  A treatment protocol for chronic otitis media is described using Gentian Violet, Ketoconazole Cream and iodine and dexamethasone drops.  Because of the ototoxic nature of Gentian Violet. It should not be used in patients with tympanic membrane perforations

Authors:  Sinha V.*, Chhaya V.**, Mehta K.***, Prajapati V.***, Patel P.***, & Patil S.***
* Dean & Professor, ** Professor & Head, ***Resident

From: Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
M.P. Shah Medical College, Saurashtra university, Jamnagar (Gujarat) India

Author:  Kapre, Madan - Director, Neeti Clinics,  Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Abstract:  This article presents the importance of surgical anatomy of the superior and inferior thyroid arteries for the preservation of the parathyroid glands during total thyroidectomy.  A superior to inferior surgical dissection technique is described for the preservation of these glands.   Following the principles outlined in this report the the incidence of post-operative hypoparathyroidism decreased by 77%.   

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